Turkey’s historical background, virgin beaches and amazing countrysides make Turkey a great vacation option. Here are some cities to visit in Turkey:
Turkey’s city of Capital, Ankara, is a modern city, home to government buildings, universities and foreign embassies. Ankara is located in the center of the country. You can visit Republic of Turkey’s first parliament, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s (Founding Father and 1st President of Turkey) mausoleum in Anıtkabir.
One of the oldest settlements in the region, Mardin is perched on a strategic hilltop overlooking the plains of Mesopotamia. Mardin is best known for its cultural diversity. Mardin’s Old City can be toured by walking. You can visit Deyrü’z-Zafaran Monastery, one of the oldest monasteries in the world; and the Sultan Isa Medresesi that once served as an astronomical observatory.
One of the oldest cities in the world, prospered as the capital city under the rule of the Seljuk Dynasty in the 12th and 13th centuries, Konya is a large city in Turkey. You can visit Alaeddin Mosque and Seljuk Palace. Konya was also the home of the Persian theologian and Sufi mystic, Rumi. Rumi’s followers founded the Mevlevi Order, better known as the Whirling Dervishes due to their religious ceremonies in which they spin around on their left foot while wearing white, billowing gowns.
Ephesus is one of Europe’s most ancient classical metropoles, which is located in the Aegean Region of Turkey. Ephesus once was one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire, boasting one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis. Ephesus includes a massive theater, the Temple of Hadrian and the magnificent Celsus Library.
Fairytale landscape of unusual formations, resembling chimneys, cones and pinnacles… Situated in Central Anatolia, Cappadocia has had unique natural processes such as ancient volcanic eruptions and erosion. And the Hittites were the first to chisel out underground cities from the soft rock. Much later, Christians sought refuge in the tunnels and caves of Cappadocia. Today, some of the caves in the region are actually hotels and cater to tourists.
Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and one of the largest cities in the world. The city connects Asia and Europe, making it the only city in the world spanning two continents. Its architecture, historical background, dining, shopping and exotic atmosphere makes Istanbul one of the best places to visit in Turkey. You must visit Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque and Topkapı Palace; and have a dinner with a view of the magnificent Bosphorus.